Monthly Archives: November 2012

Remixing Creative Commons-licensed images

For a short period between 2008 and 2010, the Creative Commons Newsletter was available in PDF format.

This post merely illustrates how the contribution of others, by sharing their works under Creative Commons licenses, allowed the creation of some of the covers of said newsletter.

Can one combine differently licensed images under CC? Except for works licensed under BY-ND and the BY-NC-ND, other works can be combined. See Creative Commons FAQ.

What does one need to observe when combining CC licensed images?

  • Result being that derivative work can be licensed under any of the CC licenses (BY, BY-SA, BY-ND, BY-NC, BY-NC-SA, or BY-NC-ND)
  • BY work + BY work
  • BY work + own original work
  • Result being that derivative work can be licensed only under BY-SA (and cannot be licensed under any other CC license)
    • BY-SA work + BY work
    • BY-SA work + BY-SA work
    • BY-SA work + own original work
  • Result being that derivative work can be licensed, at the most, under BY-NC, i.e. derivative can be licensed under BY-NC, BY-NC-SA, or BY-NC-ND (but not under BY, BY-SA, or BY-ND)
    • BY-NC work + BY work
    • BY-NC work + BY-NC work
    • BY-NC work + own original work
  • Result being that derivative work can be licensed only under BY-NC-SA (and cannot be licensed under any other CC license)
    • BY-NC-SA work + BY work + BY-NC work
    • BY-NC-SA work + BY work
    • BY-NC-SA work + BY-NC work
    • BY-NC-SA work + BY-NC-SA work
    • BY-NC-SA work + BY work + BY-NC work + own original work
    • BY-NC-SA work + BY work + own original work
    • BY-NC-SA work + BY-NC work + own original work
    • BY-NC-SA work + own original work

    Note that BY-SA and BY-NC-SA cannot be combined to create a BY-NC-SA work, since the NC requirement under BY-NC-SA would violate the BY-SA license condition that the derivative work, derived from a BY-SA work, should be shared under the same license, i.e. under BY-SA.

    With that, I hope you find CC licensed works, such as in Flickr, useful to pursue your own creativity. Likewise, I hope that you share your works too, in addition to those already provided by others, so that others can harness their own creativity.


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    A test of the Senate’s ethical standards

    The issue on the alleged plagiarism of Philippine Senators have been lingering for months now. Complaints have been filed with the Senate’s Ethics Committee recently. Will the Senate deemed the Senators’ acts as acceptable, else justifiable, within the Senate’s ethical standards? Will the Senate assert a standard more lenient than what is required in the academe, else less than the norms under Republic Act 6713?


    I. Background
        A. Senator Sotto’s “Turno en contra” speeches
        B. Senator Pia Cayetano’s Breast Cancer-awareness speech
    II. Implications of one’s articulation (Plagiarism viz Copyright infringement)
        A. Plagiarism
            1. Definition of plagiarism
            2. Academic Standards, and the determination of academic plagiarism
            3. Outside of academe: Judiciary
            4. Outside of acadame: Others
        B. Copyright infringement
            1. Copyright and copyright infringement
            2. The mechanics of Philippine copyright
        C. Plagiarism and Copyright infringement differ
    III. Parliamentary immunity
        A. “No Member shall be questioned nor be held liable in any other place”
        B. Rationale of parliamentary immunity
        C. Relevant Senate Rule on Unparliamentary Acts and Language
        D. When no Rule applicable to a specific case
    IV. Public’s continuing reservations in the conduct of public officials


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    The appropriate response? #AMALAYER

    Ignore, grumble, or articulate/profound something about it. Those are choices available to me when a topic trends on my Facebook and Twitter feeds. Let me take the last option for this one.

    The #Amalayer hashtag trended yesterday in the Philippines. [1] Outside of the usual reactions, there is a facet in it that I am disturbed about.

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